1 1/4 lbs. baby artichokes (about 12)
Juice of 2 lemons
1 1/2 lbs. fresh fava beans, shelled
(or 1 lb. frozen shelled fava beans, thawed)
1/2 cup extra-virgin olive oil
2 tbsp. finely chopped dill
1 tbsp. finely chopped mint
1 medium onion, chopped
Kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper, to taste
1. Trim away tough outer leaves of the artichokes to expose their tender pale green interior. Using a serrated-blade knife, cut off the spiky top third of the artichokes. Use a vegetable peeler to remove the tough outer layers around the base and stem. Halve artichokes lengthwise. Fill a large bowl with cold water and stir in the juice of 1 lemon. Submerge artichokes in the water and set aside.
2. Heat the fava beans, oil, dill, mint, and onions in a 6-qt. saucepan over medium-low heat. Cook, stirring frequently, until the onions are soft but not browned, 15 minutes. Drain the artichokes and add to the saucepan. Add 2 cups water and remaining lemon juice and season with salt and pepper. Cover and cook until the artichokes are tender and can be easily pierced with a knife, about 18 minutes.
3. Season with more salt, if you like; let stew sit off heat for 20 minutes before serving.