If the simple act of cooking food is a wonder, cheese is a miracle. The application of salt, enzymes, bacteria, heat, and time transforms ordinary milk into an enormous variety of forms...cheese can be sweet or pungent, hard or spreadable, chalky or smooth, musky or bright-like wine and beer, it offers a seemingly infinite range of experiences. There are hundreds of types of cheeses from around the world, and we're not going to talk about all of them here. Our goal is to provide the basics about where cheese comes from, how it's made, and how it breaks down into types. But because there are so many types of cheese, it can be hard to generalize about what goes into cheese and why. Consider this guide your introduction.