North Carolina dried decades before federal Prohibition took effect (though moonshining and bootlegging did fill some of the gaps). After the Civil War, Democratic Party leaders—then the party of white, land-owning conservatives—considered rural distilleries and bars to be Republican recruiting stations. At the same time, the Anti-Saloon League and the Women’s Christian Temperance Union allied with Baptist and Methodist churches to reprove alcohol consumption. The passage of Jim Crow laws in 1901 disenfranchised African-American voters, and, with an all-white vote, Democrats and temperance groups achieved a de facto Prohibition in North Carolina county by county, with 68 of 98 counties in North Carolina officially dry by 1905. It became the first southern state to adopt statewide prohibition in 1909, and was the second-to-last to end it (Mississippi held out until 1966). In 1937, state legislators formed a regulatory board (now the Alcohol and Beverage Control Commission, as in 16 other U.S. states) so that North Carolina could accrue tax revenue from the sale of liquor. It was not until 1978 that “liquor by the drink” sales became legal, and only then if individual counties voted to allow it. Now, elected officials seem increasingly open to the growth of the industry and are moving cautiously, perhaps gauging the political repercussions of each new measure.