Today's Indian Coffee House began with coffee stalls set up by the British Raj in the early 1940s. Independence came in 1947, and with it an influx of intellectuals to the Coffee House, where a unique culture was born. "It was a mix of leftist, European, and bourgeois," Freedman says. "One morning in 1964," Freedman writes in Palaces, "the journalist Rajinder Kapoor noticed, when he went to settle his bill at the Janpath Coffee House, that he bad been charged an extra 10 paisa." The unannounced price hike incited revolt, and lead to the takeover by the Coffee Worker's Co-Operative, which was founded in the '50s. Freedman writes, "[The Indian Coffee House enterprise] remains a co-operative to this day."