Creation Myth (c. 600 CE) Kaldi, an Ethiopian goatherd, is puzzled by his hyperactive goats; they are eating leaves and berries from a strange tree with glossy green leaves. Coffee is discovered. Cultivation soon spreads to Yemen.
c. 900 Arab physician Rhazes first mentions coffee in print, as a medicine.
c. 1400 In elaborate ceremony, Ethiopians roast, grind, and brew coffee beans. Coffee as we know it is born.
1475 Kiva Han, the world's first coffeehouse, is opened in Constantinople.
1669 The Turkish ambassador to Paris, Soliman Aga, introduces coffee at sumptuous parties.
1674 In London, the Women's Petition Against Coffee claims that coffee renders their men impotent; men counter that coffee adds "spiritualescency to the Sperme." The following year, King Charles II fails in his attempt to ban coffeehouses.
1683 After their failed siege of Vienna, the Turks flee, leaving coffee beans behind. Franz George Kolschitzky uses the beans to open a cafe, where he filters coffee and adds milk.