Frozen dessert technology has come a long way since the days when Emperor Nero would send Roman slaves into the mountains to harvest blocks of ice, shave it down, and sweeten it with honey. In 1843, Nancy Johnson of Philadelphia patented the first ice cream freezer, but it required relentless hand-cranking and relied on rock salt to lower the temperature of the ice. Today, affordable entry-level ice cream makers can churn out a noticeably superior product compared with mass industrial brands, and are as simple to operate as a blender.

Yes, an ice cream maker is an investment in money and counter space, but if you're a true ice cream lover, it's a small price to pay for the good homemade stuff. Here are my recommendations—honed from years of home ice cream churning—for the best machines and other tools for your personal sundae bar.

The Entry Level Machine

Ice Cream Maker
The ideal ice cream maker for beginners, Cuisinart's machine doesn't take up too much counter space and yields a perfectly creamy texture every time. However, it does require freezing the base 8 hours in advance and refreezing after each churn.Heami Lee

Almost all ice cream machines function the same: They rapidly chill a base while agitating it to incorporate air. This keeps the ice crystals that are forming inside as small as possible. Which machine you need largely depends on how much ice cream you plan to make.

Cuisinart's entry-level is compact, foolproof, and makes an excellently textured product. The downside is prep time. Its freezing power comes from a gel-filled bowl that must be frozen 8 hours in advance of churning and refrozen after each 1- or 2-quart churn.

The Upgrade

Ice Cream Maker
This next-level ice cream machine has a cooling feature that allows you to churn batches back to back—no refreezing involved.Heami Lee

Breville's Smart Scoop has a built-in cooling element so you can spin batches back to back (though, for best results, pre-cool base in the churning chamber for five minutes between projects). It also churns at a slower speed and whips less air into the base for a subtly denser and creamier result.

The Scoop

ice cream scoop
This old-school aluminum scoop cuts through ice cream with ease and couldn't be more durable.Heami Lee

Disher-style scoops are popular for their quick-release sweeper arms, but the old-school aluminum kind, like Zeroll makes, is still the best for the job. Its edge is perfectly angled to cut through ice cream (twist, don't dig), and with no moving parts it can never break. And did you know the handle is full of a conductive fluid that transfers heat from your hand for easier scooping?

The Container

ice cream container
A quart of homemade ice cream will freeze in a flash in this long, shallow plastic container, which is key for preventing iciness.Heami Lee

Yes, containers matter! For storage, you want a long and shallow plastic container, which freezes ice cream fast, essential for preventing iciness. Rubbermaid's 5-cup Dry Food containers are stackable, completely odorless, and conveniently fit a quart of ice cream.

The Thermometer

thermapen
Thermapen is the gold standard of cooking thermometers and takes the guesswork out of making custard for your ice cream.Heami Lee

If you're making a thicker, custard-style batch of ice cream, you run the risk of overcooking your eggs, curdling the base while adding unwelcome eggy flavors. A quality thermometer (the Thermapen is best-in-class for accuracy, speed, and readability) will help you locate the ice-cream-custard sweet spot: 170 degrees. It'll also tell you when your chilled ice cream is ready to churn, no guesswork required.

The Manual

Hello, My Name is Ice Cream Book
Chicago pastry chef Dana Cree's ice cream bible is chock-full of churning wisdom and inspiring recipes.Clarkson Potter

Chicago pastry chef Dana Cree is a bonafide ice cream obsessive. Hello, My Name Is Ice Cream is her comprehensive guide to understanding just how the stuff works and includes recipes like toasted hay and pineapple-jasmine that will get you itching to churn, too.