Kibbeh (Beef and Bulgur Wheat Meatballs)

  • Serves

    makes 16


Middle Eastern kibbeh is a finely ground paste of bulgur, onions, and lamb or beef, which is formed into patties or balls, filled with coarsely ground, sweetly spiced meat, onions, and pine nuts, and deep-fried. In my family, no party is complete without a platter of my aunt Suad's kibbeh. If I ask her for the secret to her recipe, she'll only show me her hands. —Alia Yunis, from "Meat & Grain" (May 2005)


For the Filling

  • 1 tbsp. olive oil, plus more to garnish
  • 1 medium yellow onion, roughly chopped
  • 8 oz. ground beef sirloin
  • 1 tsp. kosher salt
  • 14 tsp. ground allspice
  • 14 tsp. ground cinnamon
  • 14 cup pine nuts, toasted
  • 1 tbsp. ground sumac, plus more to garnish

For the Shell

  • 1 12 cups fine bulgur
  • 1 tbsp. kosher salt
  • 12 tsp. ground allspice
  • 12 tsp. ground cinnamon
  • 14 tsp. ground black pepper
  • 1 small yellow onion, finely chopped
  • 1 12 lb. lamb shoulder, trimmed of all fat and sinew
  • Canola oil, for frying
  • Plain yogurt, for serving
  • Mint leaves, to garnish


Step 1

For the filling: Heat oil in a 12" skillet over medium heat. Add onion, and cook, stirring, until soft, about 10 minutes. Add beef, and cook, breaking it up with a wooden spoon, until no longer pink, about 7 minutes. Add salt, allspice, and cinnamon, and cook, stirring, until meat begins to brown, about 4 minutes more. Transfer to a bowl, stir in nuts and sumac, and let cool.

Step 2

For the shell: Rinse bulgur, squeeze out excess water, and place in a large bowl. Add salt, allspice, cinnamon, pepper, and onion, and set aside. Grind lamb twice in a meat grinder, and add to bulgur mixture; knead mixture in bowl into a pliable paste, about 5 minutes. Cover bowl with a clean dish towel.

Step 3

Shape about 1⁄4 cup of the bulgur-meat paste into a ball, moistening your hands with water as you work. Hold ball in one hand and insert index finger of other hand into center to form a hole. Shape ball into a thin-walled (about 1⁄4"-thick) oval with an opening at one end by molding ball around finger, gradually tapering closed end. Mend any cracks in shell with a moistened finger. Fill hole with 1 1⁄2 tbsp. of the filling. Moisten edges of opening, then gather edges together to seal. Gently form kibbeh into the shape of an egg, and keep moist under a clean dish towel. Repeat shaping with remaining filling and bulgur-meat paste to make 16 egg-shaped balls in all.

Step 4

Pour oil to a depth of 2" into a 6-qt. Dutch oven, and heat over medium heat until a deep-fry thermometer reads 375°. Working in batches, fry kibbeh until browned all over, about 4 minutes. Drain on paper towels. Transfer to a serving platter, and spoon some yogurt on the platter alongside the kibbeh. Drizzle oil over yogurt, and sprinkle with more sumac. Serve with mint leaves on the side.

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